Professor of Philosophy, University of Haifa
Resident at the Forschungskolleg Humanwissenschaften:January–February 2013
Research topic at the Forschungskolleg Humanwissenschaften:»A Contractarian Defense of Just War Theory«
The goal of the proposed project is to develop a new justification for just war theory, one grounded in the social contract tradition. The basic idea is that the rules that guide wars are anchored in a mutually beneficial agreement between states. The general form of the argument runs as follows: States have a strong interest in being able to defend themselves from unjust attacks against them but since they cannot be sure that they will always be the stronger party in such conflicts, they have an interest in limited, rule-governed wars over unlimited, total ones; and since deciding on such rules would be impossible once war breaks out, they have an interest in agreeing to such rules ex ante. I seek to show that the contractarian defense of just war theory does a better job than other defenses in explaining the moral equality of soldiers, the moral distinction between combatants and noncombatants and in elucidating other components of traditional just war theory and international law. (Daniel Statman)
Funding of the stay:»Justitia Amplificata. Rethinking Justice − Applied and Global«
Scholarly profile of Daniel Statman Homepage:
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Main areas of research:Ethics, moral psychology, philosophy of law, Jewish philosophy
- »Fabre's Crusade for Justice: Why We Should Not Join«, In: Law and Philosophy, Bd. 33, 2014.
- (with Gidi Sapir) State and Religion in Israel, Haifa: University Press of Haifa, 2014. (English version forthcoming by Cambridge)
- »Can Just War Theory Justify Targeted Killing? An Investigation into Three Models«, in: Claire Finkelstein, Jens David Ohlin und Andrew Altman (ed.): Targeted Killings: Law and
Morality in an Asymmetrical World, New York: Oxford University Press 2012, pp. 90-111.
- »Can Wars Be Fought Justly? The Necessity Condition Put to the Test«, Journal of
Moral Philosophy 8 (2011), pp. 435-451.
- »The Success Condition for Legitimate Self-Defense«, Ethics 118 (2008), pp. 659-686.
- »Supreme Emergencies Revisited«, Ethics 117 (2006), pp. 58-79.
- »Moral Tragedies, Supreme Emergencies and National-Defense«, Journal of Applied
Philosophy 23 (2006), pp. 311-322.
- »Targeted Killing«, Theoretical Inquiries in Law 5 (2003), pp. 63-82.
- »The Morality of Assassination: A Response to Gross«, Political Studies, 51 (2003), pp. 775-779.
- (ed.), Virtue Ethics, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press 1997.
- (withAvi Sagi), Religion and Morality, Amsterdam: Rodopi 1995.
- Moral Dilemmas, Amsterdam: Rodopi 1995.
- (ed.), Moral Luck, New York: State University of New York Press 1993.
Daniel Statman is member of the Jerusalem Center for Ethics at Mishkenot Sha'ananaim, with a focus on military and police ethics. He is a member of the ethical committee of HaEmeq hospital in Afula.